Coastal wetlands

Birds stand on black rocks in water
Shorebirds at Point Cook Coastal Park

Life on the water’s edge is shaped by the tides. 
Wading birds find abundant food in the sand and shallow waters; 
Over summer they feed and rest after a long migration;
Then fly to Asia to breed and raise chicks

Victoria’s coastal wetlands are significant places for wildlife. Many are listed in international conventions to protect the habitat of migratory birds. Close to Melbourne, the western shoreline of Port Phillip Bay, Bellarine Peninsula, the Edithvale–Seaford wetlands and Western Port are visited by hundreds of thousands of migratory waders each year. Species such as the Eastern Curlew, Red-necked Stint and Bar-tailed Godwit rest and feed here each summer before flying north through Asia to breed.


Shorebirds flock to Victoria

Jo Oldland, Birds Australia, talks about Victoria’s special wetland birds and efforts to conserve them.

Animals from Victorian coastal wetlands


Explore more Victorian environments

Trees along a river bank

Dry forest

There are many types of dry forests in Victoria including stringybark, red gum, grassy woodlands and the remnants of the once great box–ironbark forests.

Snow covered mountains


The Victorian Alps extend from the plateaus of Lake Mountain and Mt Baw Baw to peaks such as Mt Feathertop and the headwaters of the Murray River.

Plains Flax Lily


When the first Europeans arrived in Victoria there were grasslands on the vast, undulating western plains, on the northern plains and in Gippsland.

Mallee vegetation


The Victorian Mallee in the north-western corner of the state has a mosaic of vegetation types adapted to low rainfall and sandy soils.

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