Dry forest

Trees along a river bank
River Red Gums growing along the Murray River.

A light and spacious forest;
Eucalypts in flower,
a nectar feast for birds and insects; 
Old trees with deep hollows are home to possums, birds and bats; 
Young trees are planted to connect forest fragments

There are many types of dry forests in Victoria. Stringybark forests dominate the lowlands east of Western Port; red gum forests survive along major rivers in the north, grassy woodlands are scattered throughout the Western District, and the remnants of the once great box–ironbark forests lie in a wide arc from west of Stawell to east of Wangaratta.

During the gold rush, huge areas of forest were cut to provide wood for fuel and building. Forests were also cleared for agriculture, particularly in the more fertile plains and valleys. The remaining forests are fragmented, putting native species such as the Brush-tailed Phascogale, Squirrel Glider and Regent Honeyeater at risk of extinction.


Old Growth Forest

Chris Tzaros, Birds Australia, talks about Victoria’s dry forests and the conservation challenges they face.

Fire and the forest

Kevin Tolhurst, Melbourne University, describes how Victoria’s forests have evolved with fire for millions of years.

Water for life - protecting River Red Gums

Nick Roberts, Victorian National Parks Association, explains the importance of water to the health of River Red Gum ecosystems.

Homes for honeyeaters – replanting Dry Forests

Ray Thomas, Regent Honeyeater Project, explains the benefits of tree planting to link isolated patches of forest across a landscape.

Animals from Victorian dry forest


Explore more Victorian environments

Birds stand on black rocks in water

Coastal wetlands

Victoria’s coastal wetlands are significant places for wildlife, with many listed in international conventions to protect the habitat of migratory birds.

Snow covered mountains


The Victorian Alps extend from the plateaus of Lake Mountain and Mt Baw Baw to peaks such as Mt Feathertop and the headwaters of the Murray River.

Plains Flax Lily


When the first Europeans arrived in Victoria there were grasslands on the vast, undulating western plains, on the northern plains and in Gippsland.

Mallee vegetation


The Victorian Mallee in the north-western corner of the state has a mosaic of vegetation types adapted to low rainfall and sandy soils.

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