The word Marngrook comes from the Gunditjmara (located in the south western district of Victoria) language and means 'game ball'. It is the name of a game played by Aboriginal people across South Eastern Australia that was played with a possum skin ball, however in different areas the ball was made from other materials. The game has different names in different Koorie languages but is now generally referred to as Marngrook. Elements of Australian Rules Football are believed to have originated from this traditional game.
Purlja, Buroinjin, and Pulyugge are all other traditional ball games from across Australia. Purlja was a popular ball game of the Walbiri people of central Australia, Buroinjin was a ball game played by the Kabi Kabi people of south Queensland, and Pulyugge was played between selected teams of different groups in the Murray, Lake Alexandria, and Lake Albert areas of South Australia.