Luzon Bleeding-heart

Gallicolumba luzonica

Click to view a larger image. Click to view a larger image. bird bird

Museum specimen featured in the Wild exhibition
Source: Museum Victoria

Luzon Bleeding-heart
Image: Denis Avon
Source: Ardea

Type: bird

Luzon Bleeding-heart Luzon Bleeding-heart
Image: Denis Avon
Source: Ardea

Conservation Status

Secure Vulnerable Endangered Extinct  ]

Luzon Bleeding-hearts are still widespread and locally common over their range, however they are popular eating birds in the Philippines. They are also captured for sale in the bird trade. They are considered vulnerable because logging of their forest habitat is increasing.



Luzon Bleeding-hearts are omnivores.

They eat seeds, fallen fruits and insects.


Luzon Bleeding-heart relative size depiction as described below

Size relative to a sparrow and a cat.

184 g
30 cm

Amazing Luzon Bleeding-hearts

Luzon Bleeding-hearts are stocky birds with short legs, like all members of the pigeon family. Their peculiar name comes from the vibrant splash of red feathers in the centre of their breasts, which makes these birds look like they have been wounded. The red patch is slightly brighter in males and is used in courtship displays. Otherwise, Luzon Bleeding-hearts have iridescent grey feathers that can look green, blue or purple, with black bands on their wings, and a pale belly with a reddish tone.

These birds live in flocks and coo to each other to stay in contact. They forage in groups on the forest floor, searching the leaf litter for seeds, berries and insects. At night the flocks roost in low branches. This species is quite secretive and difficult to find.

Male Luzon Bleeding-hearts court females with cooing and displays. Females lay one or two eggs in a nest hidden among dense shrubbery. Both parents incubate the eggs, which hatch after 17 days. The newly-hatched young are tiny and helpless, with no feathers. At first the parents feed their young with ‘crop milk’, a substance high in protein and fat that is secreted by the lining of the digestive tract. Young Luzon Bleeding-hearts leave the nest after about two weeks but do not grow full adult plumage until they are three months old.

Did You Know?

Luzon Bleeding-hearts

  • are named for the bright red patch in the centre of their breasts
  • are very elusive and shy
  • feed their young with ‘milk’ from their crops


Luzon Bleeding-heart distribution map

Luzon Bleeding-hearts are found on the island of Luzon in the Philippines and neighbouring small islands. They live in lowland forests and plantations.


Other animals from Indomalay

Indian PeafowlMasked Palm CivetJavan RhinocerosIndian Rhinoceros