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Aristotle (384322 BC)

Aristotle was often on the move. In fact his students were known as walkers, or peripatetics, possibly because Aristotle had a habit of walking around while lecturing.

Aristotle studied and taught at at Plato's Academy in Athens. After Plato's death, Aristotle moved to the Eastern Mediterranean. He then returned to the court of Philip of Macedon, near his birthplace in what is now northern Greece. (It is said that Aristotle taught Philip's son, Alexander the Great, but it is not known if this is true.)

When Alexander became king, Aristotle established his school in Athens, the Lyceum, but was forced to leave Athens again after Alexander died.

Aristotle wrote books on biology, psychology, physics and logic as well as politics, poetry and ethics. In the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, Aristotle's work began to dominate European scholarship, particularly after it was taken up by the Christian church.


Aristotle's cosmology
magnifyAristotle's cosmology
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